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Steroids: What Is It?

Steroids: What Is It?

Steroids are a type of organic compound that is naturally produced in the body. However, when people refer to steroids in the context of sports and fitness, they are usually talking about anabolic steroids, which are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone.

What Do Steroids Do?

Anabolic steroids have both androgenic and anabolic effects on the body:

  • Androgenic effects: These effects include the development of male sexual characteristics, such as deepening of the voice and growth of facial hair.
  • Anabolic effects: These effects include increased muscle growth and strength, which is why many athletes and bodybuilders use steroids to improve their performance.

Are Steroids Legal?

In many countries, anabolic steroids are classified as controlled substances due to their potential for abuse and serious side effects. In the United States, for example, it is illegal to possess or distribute steroids without a prescription from a doctor.

What Are the Side Effects of Steroid Use?

While steroids can help build muscle and improve athletic performance, they also come with a range of potential side effects, including:

  • Acne
  • Mood swings
  • High blood pressure
  • Liver damage
  • Heart problems
  • Infertility


While steroids can have some benefits for certain medical conditions, their misuse can lead to serious health problems. It is important to use them only under the supervision of a healthcare professional and to be aware of the potential risks involved.

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